Changes in serum albumin levels from baseline to 1 year after TAVR were evaluated in 1524 patients who were classified as having hypoalbuminemia (<3.5 g/dl) and normoalbuminemia (≥3.5 g/dl) at each timepoint. The patients were categorized into 4 groups: NN (baseline normoalbuminemia, 1-year normoalbuminemia: n = 1119), HN (baseline hypoalbuminemia, 1-year normoalbuminemia: n = 202), NH (baseline normoalbuminemia, 1-year hypoalbuminemia: n = 121), and HH (baseline hypoalbuminemia, 1-year hypoalbuminemia: n = 82). We also defined late hypoalbuminemia as hypoalbuminemia identified at the 1-year assessment. Clinical outcomes were compared among 4 groups. Multivariable analysis was driven to assess the variables associated with late hypoalbuminemia and long-term mortality.
The cumulative 3-year mortality was significantly different among the 4 groups (NN: 11.4%, HN: 10.7%, NH: 25.4%, HH: 44.4%, p < 0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that the NH group had a higher mortality risk (hazard ratio [HR]; 2.80 and 3.53, 95% confidence interval [CI]; 1.71–4.57 and 2.06–6.06, p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively), whereas the HN group had a similar risk (HR; 1.16, 95% CI; 0.66–2.06, p = 0.61) compared with the NN group. Baseline hypoalbuminemia, low body mass index, liver disease, peripheral artery disease, and hospital readmission within 1 year were predictors of late hypoalbuminemia (all p < 0.05).
Serial albumin assessment may identify poor prognostic subsets in patients with persistent and late acquired malnutrition after TAVR.
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine Volume 23, February 2021, Pages 68-76
Read the full article on Science Direct: Predictors and Prognostic Impact of Nutritional Changes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement