Cerebrovascular events (CVEs) are not uncommon complications of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Our study aimed to determine the predictors of peri-procedural and sub-acute CVEs following TAVR.
Using the Japanese multicenter registry, we evaluated 1613 patients undergoing TAVR between October-2013 and July-2016. Occurrences of 24-hour and 1- to 30-day CVEs were evaluated to clarify the predictors of CVEs following TAVR.
The mean age was 84.4 years and mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 8.3%. Overall 24-hour and 30-day CVE rates were 1.2% and 2.7%, respectively. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that independent predictor of 24-hour CVEs was index aortic valve area (iAVA) [adjusted OR (adjusted-OR), 0.001; 95% CI, 0.001–0.13; p = .005]. The receiver operator curve derived cut-off value of iAVA for the prediction of 24-hour CVEs was 0.40 cm2/m2. In contrast, independent predictors of 1- to 30-day CVEs were paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF; adjusted-OR, 3.35; 95% CI, 1.36–8.27; p = .009) and iAVA after TAVR (adjusted-OR, 0.11; 95% CI, 0.02–0.66; p = .02). Consequently, independent predictors of 30-day CVEs were prior stroke (adjusted-OR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.07–4.45; p = .03), PAF (adjusted-OR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.05–4.56; p = .04), and prior coronary artery disease (adjusted-OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.01–3.48; p = .05).
Within 24 h, small iAVA impacted the increased risk of CVEs, whereas PAF and iAVA after TAVR impacted the increased risk of 1- to 30-day CVEs following TAVR. The mechanism of CVEs might differ according to onset.
Read full article: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2019.10.013