Over the past 20 years, the development of regional ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) care systems has led to remarkable progress in achieving timely coronary reperfusion with attendant improvement in clinical outcomes, including survival. Despite this progress, contemporary STEMI care does not consistently meet the national guideline-recommended goals, which offers an opportunity for further improvement in STEMI outcomes. The lack of single, comprehensive, national STEMI registry complicates our ability to improve STEMI outcomes in particular for high-risk STEMI subsets such as cardiac arrest (CA) and/or cardiogenic shock (CS).
To address this need, the Midwest STEMI Consortium (MSC) was created as a collaboration of 4 large, regional STEMI care systems to provide a comprehensive, multicenter, and prospective STEMI registry without any exclusionary criteria.
The MSC is a collaboration of 4 large, regional STEMI care systems: Iowa Heart Center in Des Moines, IA; Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation in Minneapolis, MN; Prairie Heart Institute in Springfield, IL; and The Christ Hospital in Cincinnati, OH. Each has similar standardized STEMI protocol and together include 6 percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-capable hospitals and over 100 non-PCI-capable hospitals. Each center had a prospective database that was transferred to a data coordinating center to create the multicenter database. The comprehensive database includes traditional risk factors, cardiovascular history, medications, time to treatment data, detailed angiographic characteristics, and short- and long-term clinical outcomes up to 5-year for myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Ten-year mortality rates were assessed by using national death index.
Currently, the comprehensive database (03/2003–01/2020) includes 14,911 consecutive STEMI patients with mean age of 62.3 ± 13.6 years, female gender (29%), and left anterior descending artery as the culprit vessel (34%). High risk features included: Age >75 years (19%), left ventricular ejection fraction <35% (15%), CA (10%), and CS (8%).
This collaboration of 4 large, regional STEMI care systems with broad entry criteria including high-risk STEMI subsets such as CA and/or CS provides a unique platform to conduct clinical research studies to optimize STEMI care.
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine Volume 23, February 2021, Pages 86-90
Read the full article on Science Direct: The Midwest ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Consortium: Design and Rationale