• The impact of in-hospital P2Y12 inhibitor switch in patients with acute coronary syndrome



    Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) varies after placement of drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Our aim was to study patient characteristics and predictors of switching, in-hospital or at discharge, from clopidogrel (CLO) to ticagrelor(TIC) or vice versa.


    The study population included patients with ACS who had DES and initially received either CLO or TIC between January 2011 and December 2017. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on initial DAPT choice and whether DAPT was switched in-hospital or during discharge. Clinical outcomes of interest were bleeding events, need for anticoagulation, and need for in-hospital coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).


    We identified 2837 patients who received DES and started on DAPT. DAPT switch from 1 P2Y12 inhibitor to another occurred in 9%, either in-hospital or at discharge. Of 1834 patients started on CLO, 112 were switched to TIC. Of 1003 patients started on TIC, 142 were switched to CLO. The need for in-hospital CABG was 7.8% in the TIC-CLO group compared to none in the CLO-TIC group (p = 0.002). Adjusted for covariates, the TIC-CLO group was 3 times more likely to need anticoagulation with warfarin than the CLO-CLO group (p < 0.001) and over 5 times more likely than the CLO-TIC group and the TIC-TIC group (p < 0.005 for both).


    Switching from 1 generation P2Y12 inhibitor to another does occur in ACS patients. Clinical needs such as in-hospital CABG or oral anticoagulation upon discharge are real and dictate the switch from TIC to CLO.


    A single-center observational study of 2837 patients with acute coronary syndromes treated with drug-eluting stents found that some do get switched from one generation P2Y12 inhibitor to another. The switch from clopidogrel to ticagrelor is driven by clinical needs such as in-hospital coronary artery bypass grafting or the need for oral anticoagulation upon discharge.

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