Excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been in use for more than twenty years. While early experiences were not favorable over balloon angioplasty alone, with improvement in operator technique, patient selection and technology, ELCA has established its own niche in contemporary PCI as a safe and effective atherectomy strategy. With growing experience in complex coronary interventions worldwide, ELCA has become one of the essential atherectomy tools offering unique advantages over other atherectomy devices. In the modern era, ELCA is commonly used for patients with in-stent restenosis, stent under expansion, balloon uncrossable lesions and chronic total occlusions. Technical success rates are reported to be >80% in most situations while procedural complication rates such as vessel dissection and perforation among others are reported to average 9% over the past 25 years with improvement over time. In this review, we provide a comprehensive systematic review of the ELCA system, its practical use, indications, and procedural techniques in the contemporary PCI era.
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine Volume 25, April 2021, Pages 75-85
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