Yujiro Yokoyama, Alexandros Briasoulis, Hisato Takagi, Toshiki Kuno
Although current guidelines recommend oral anticoagulants (OAC) with or without antiplatelet therapy (APT) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TVAR) in patients with an indication for long-term anticoagulation therapy, the optimal antithrombotic strategy remains unknown in these population. Herein, we conducted a meta-analysis comparing the outcome of OAC alone versus OAC with APT following TAVR in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).
MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched through May 2020 to identify clinical trials that investigated OAC alone versus OAC with APT following TAVR in patients with AF. From each study, we extracted the hazard ratios (HRs) or risk ratios of major or life threatening bleeding, stroke, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality.
1 randomized controlled trial and 3 observational studies were identified, which enrolled a total of 2032 patients with AF who underwent TAVR assigned to the OAC group (n = 722) or OAC with APT group (n = 1310). Pooled analyses demonstrated the rate of major or life threatening bleeding was significantly lower in the OAC group compared to the OAC with APT group (HR [95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 0.54 [0.38–0.77], P = .0006]). However, the rate of stroke was similar in both groups (HR [95% CI] = 1.22 [0.80–1.87], P = .36). All-cause and cardiovascular mortalities were also similar in both groups.
We observed that OAC with APT following TAVR in patients with AF increased the risk of bleeding compared to OAC alone without decreasing the risk of stroke.
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine Volume 24, March 2021, Pages 42-47
Read the full article on Science Direct: Anticoagulation With or Without Antiplatelet Therapy Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement for Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-Analysis
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